Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Print ISSN: 2395-1443

Online ISSN: 2395-1451


Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (IJCEO) is open access, a peer-reviewed medical journal, published quarterly, online, and in print, by the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF) since 2015. To fulfill our aim of rapid dissemination of knowledge, we publish articles ‘Ahead of Print’ on acceptance. In addition, the journal allows free access (Open Access) of its content, which is likely to attract more readers and citations of articles more...

Article type

Original Article

Article page


Authors Details

Rupali Maheshgauri, Prachi Nilraj Bakare*, Deepaswi Bhavsar, Renu Magdum

Article Metrics

View Article As


Downlaod Files


Article statistics

Viewed: 52

PDF Downloaded: 33

Triad of rubric assessment, constructive feedback and video recorded surgeries key assessment for competent ophthalmic surgeon

Original Article

Author Details : Rupali Maheshgauri, Prachi Nilraj Bakare*, Deepaswi Bhavsar, Renu Magdum

Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 703-706

Suggest article by email


Background: Ophthalmic surgery involves very precise surgical skill, which is difficult to teach and even more cumbersome in assessment of resident’s surgical skill. Hence it’s a need of time to adopt newer tool for transferring as well as assessing surgical skill. With this concept in mind International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) has developed various tools for assessing surgical skills. If we use this tool not only as learning tool but also to give constructive feedback on the surgical skills of resident doctors it will help in creating a competent ophthalmic surgeon and eventually help society in general.
Aims & Objectives:. 1To develop more standardized surgical training; 2. To assess efficacy and feasibility of new tool in improving surgical skills of Post Graduate(PG) student; 3. To know the effect of constructive feedback on surgical performance.
Materials and Methods: Small incision cataract surgery training is done by Rubric designed by ICO- OSCAR. The same tool was used to assess video recorded cataract surgery of residents by different faculties and assess their surgical skill. The assessor simply circled the observed performance description at each step of the procedure. The ICO-OSCAR score was completed. At the end of the case assessor immediately discussed operated case with student to provide timely, structured, specific performance feedback. Oscar score was recorded and analysed with inter rater agreement.
Result: OSCAR TOOL has very good inter rater agreement i.e.(0.96). Analysis of student & Observer feedback infers that OSCAR Tool is best tool for learning as well as assessment tool and is easy to use. Recorded surgeries & constructive feedback from assessor helped Post Graduate students to improve surgically. This resulted in best outcome for patient in terms of good visual acuity post operatively.
Conclusion: The formative assessment of surgical skills becomes an integral part of our formal residency, training framework, it would be in the interest of our trainees and trainers that we should adopt the OSCAR tools to train and assess. These tools can add immense value to our residency as well fellowship surgical training and possibly help create a generation of competent trainee.
Formative Assessment and constructive feedback in surgical training will improve the competency of new ophthalmic surgeons.
Structured surgical training will be relatively easy to observe and perform, as trainee learns what is required to be competent.
This will ultimately improve the overall quality of patient care.

Keywords: OSCAR tool, Feedback, Assessment.

How to cite : Maheshgauri R, Bakare P N, Bhavsar D, Magdum R, Triad of rubric assessment, constructive feedback and video recorded surgeries key assessment for competent ophthalmic surgeon. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021;7(4):703-706

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (

Open Abstract (Increase article citation) Wiki in hindi