Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Print ISSN: 2395-1443

Online ISSN: 2395-1451

CODEN : IJCEKF

Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (IJCEO) is open access, a peer-reviewed medical journal, published quarterly, online, and in print, by the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF) since 2015. To fulfill our aim of rapid dissemination of knowledge, we publish articles ‘Ahead of Print’ on acceptance. In addition, the journal allows free access (Open Access) of its content, which is likely to attract more readers and citations of articles more...


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Original Article


Article page

614-618


Authors Details

Manu Sharma*, Mangat R Dogra, Deeksha Katoch, Mansi Sharma, Sourabh Dutta, Manu Sharma


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Incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity in extremely low birth weight babies in a tertiary neonatal care unit in northern India


Original Article

Author Details : Manu Sharma*, Mangat R Dogra, Deeksha Katoch, Mansi Sharma, Sourabh Dutta, Manu Sharma

Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 614-618

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijceo.2021.123



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Abstract

Purpose: To study the incidence and risk factors of Retinopathy of prematurity in extremely low birth weight babies in a tertiary neonatal care unit in northern India.
Materials and Methods: A prospective cohort study of all neonates born during January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015, with birth weight less than 1000 grams. Demographic details, risk factors and incidence of ROP were studied.
Results: Sixty babies were enrolled for the study with mean birth weight of 892.983±112.933 (560 to 1000) grams and mean gestation age of 29.47±2.258 (25-35) weeks. The incidence of ROP in this cohort was 50% (30 infants), out of which 23% (7 infants) required treatment (laser photocoagulation). The statistical analysis of risk factors on univariate analysis revealed a significant association for oxygen exposure, apnoea, surfactant use, anaemia, blood transfusion, intraventricular haemorrhage, sepsis and antibiotic use. On multivariate logistic regression analysis anemia and oxygen exposure > week were found to be independent risk factors for development of ROP.
Conclusion: The incidence of ROP was although high in this exclusive cohort of babies born <1000g>1 week were found to be independent risk factors for development of ROP in this cohort.
 

Keywords: Retinopathy of prematurity, Extremely low birth weight, Incidence, Risk factors.


How to cite : Sharma M, Dogra M R, Katoch D, Sharma M, Dutta S, Sharma M, Incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity in extremely low birth weight babies in a tertiary neonatal care unit in northern India. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021;7(4):614-618

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)







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