Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (IJCEO) is open access, a peer-reviewed medical journal, published quarterly, online, and in print, by the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF) since 2015. To fulfill our aim of rapid dissemination of knowledge, we publish articles ‘Ahead of Print’ on acceptance. In addition, the journal allows free more...
Author Details :
Volume : 7, Issue : 3, Year : 2021
Article Page : 583-586
Background: Vitreous haemorrhage(VH) is due to blood leak from ruptured vessels into the vitreous cavity. It results in painless loss of vision. Visual acuity depends on degree and location of haemorrhage.
Objectives: To study the demographic profile and etiology of all patients with vitreous hemorrhage in tertiary care eye hospital.
Materials and Methods: Medical records of patients who presented with VH between Jan 2017 to July 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. A detailed analysis of records will be noted.
Out of 47 patients, 35 were males and 12 were females. Common age group affected were more than 60 years with 22 cases followed by that among 40 to 60 years involving 15 eyes. 46 cases were unilateral and 1 was bilateral. Majority of cases was noted from the rural areas with low socioeconomic status. Among the etiological causes proliferative diabetic retinopathy was the major cause (41.6%), followed by retinal vein occlusion (14.5%), rhegmatogenous retinal detachment(RRD) (12.5%), blunt trauma (10.41%) which was major cause among children presenting with vitreous haemorrhage, hypertension (4.16%), Eales disease (4.16%), AMD (4.16%), open globe injury (4.16%), retinal artery microaneurysm (2.08%), and PVD with tear (2.08%).
Conclusion: Most common age groups affected were greater than 60 years. Among the 47 cases majority were males. 46 were unilateral and 1 was bilateral. More cases were from the rural areas having lower socioeconomic status. Among the etiological causes proliferative diabetic retinopathy formed the major cause.
Keywords: Vitreous hemorrhage, Demographic profile, Etiology, Globe injury.
How to cite : Amulya Padmini H M, Vasudevan D, A retrospective study on demographic profile and etiology of vitreous hemorrhage. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021;7(3):583-586
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