Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (IJCEO) is open access, a peer-reviewed medical journal, published quarterly, online, and in print, by the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF) since 2015. To fulfill our aim of rapid dissemination of knowledge, we publish articles ‘Ahead of Print’ on acceptance. In addition, the journal allows free more...
Author Details :
Volume : 7, Issue : 3, Year : 2021
Article Page : 554-561
Aim: To determine association between central corneal thickness and type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients attending outpatient department of Ophthalmology at a tertiary care centre in North Karnataka.
Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted over a period of April 2018 – September 2020 on patients attending outpatient department of Ophthalmology at a tertiary care centre in North Karnataka. Study includes 168 subjects divided into 3 groups: 40 diabetics whose duration >10 years46 diabetics whose duration ?10 yearsand 82 controls.Detailed ophthalmic examination was conducted in all patients and central corneal thickness was measured using ultrasound pachymetry.
Results: A statistically significant difference was found between mean central corneal thickness of diabetics (534.0581µ - right eye; 534.3605µ - left eye) and non-diabetics (525.8659µ - right eye; 525.8659µ - left eye); p value <0> Conclusion: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have thicker corneas as compared to non-diabetics. Henceforth, it is important to measure central corneal thickness in all diabetics, as it affects IOP measurement which is vital for early diagnosis and timely treatment of glaucoma.
Keywords: CCT, T2DM, Ultrasonic pachymetry.
How to cite : Reddy C V, Reddy M H, A comparative study of central corneal thickness in diabetics and non-diabetics using ultrasonic pachymetry. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021;7(3):554-561
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