Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (IJCEO) is open access, a peer-reviewed medical journal, published quarterly, online, and in print, by the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF) since 2015. To fulfill our aim of rapid dissemination of knowledge, we publish articles ‘Ahead of Print’ on acceptance. In addition, the journal allows free more...
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Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021
Article Page : 218-223
Purpose: To study the prevalence of dyslipidemia and to find out the correlation between serum lipid levels and social factors like occupation, locality(urban/rural) and education status with diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Materials and Methods: 200 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were segregated into 2 categories:- First category of patients with diabetic retinopathy and second category of patients without diabetic retinopathy. Serum lipid levels of subjects were measured and social history like occupation, locality (urban/rural) and education status was taken. Observations were compared to check association between above factors and diabetic retinopathy.
Results: The prevalence of dyslipidemia was found to be 75.50%. Mean SD of LDL(mg/dL) in patients with diabetic retinopathy was 118.86 40.58 which was significantly higher as compared to patients without diabetic retinopathy (p value=0.006). No significant association was seen in the distribution of total cholesterol(mg/dL), HDL(mg/dL), Triglyceride(mg/dL) with diabetic retinopathy (p value>.05). 10% of patients with DR worked as clerks while 52% were homemakers, thus, significant association was seen in the relationship of occupation with the presence of diabetic retinopathy (p value<.05). Diabetic retinopathy was more prevalent among type 2 diabetics living in urban areas (p<0> studied up to primary school while 28% of patients with DR had studied up to high school, thus significant association was seen between the education status of the patients and the occurrence of diabetic retinopathy (p value<.05).
Conclusion: Elevated serum LDL levels were found to be a significant risk factor for diabetic retinopathy. Clerks and homemakers were more predisposed to diabetic retinopathy. Subjects who received education up to primary school and high school and subjects living in urban areas had significantly increased rates of diabetic retinopathy.
Keywords: Diabetic retinopathy, Education, Locality, Occupation, Serum lipid levels.
How to cite : Cardoza N J , Radhakrishnan O K, Desai C , Mohankumar K , Mohan M, Association of serum lipid levels and social factors with diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: Study from tertiary care center of Western Maharashtra. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021;7(1):218-223
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