Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (IJCEO) is open access, a peer-reviewed medical journal, published quarterly, online, and in print, by the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF) since 2015. To fulfill our aim of rapid dissemination of knowledge, we publish articles ‘Ahead of Print’ on acceptance. In addition, the journal allows free more...
Author Details :
Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021
Article Page : 199-204
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the awareness of diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between from 2017 to 2019. The analysis was based on a representative sample of 624 adult subjects. Multivariable logistic analysis was used to examine socio-demographic factors associated with the levels of awareness, treatment and control of diabetes mellitus.
Results: In our study 624 participants interviewed, among them 62% were males. rest were females. Most of the study subjects were non-vegetarian (74%). and were illiterates (40%). In our study, 92% were of type 2 DM, among them nearly 44.7% were on multidrug treatment. About 31% were diagnosed with DM after developing systemic complications. On examination, it was found 44.1% had proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), 22.1 % required surgical intervention due to vision-threatening complication. Awareness regarding separate eye treatment for diabetic retinopathy was not known among 55 % of the patients. The periodicity of follow-up once treated for eye disease was poor, 74.1% being unaware.
Conclusion: In this study majority of patients were in the advanced stage of diabetic retinopathy and associated with systemic complications. Thus educating the patients about the diabetic disease, diet and multi-organ involvement and its complications and importance of regular follow-up and how to prevent significant ocular and systemic morbidity.
Keywords: Diabetic mellitus, Diabetic macular oedema, Proliferative diabetic retinopathy, Vitreous haemorrhage.
How to cite : Hemalatha Bc, Kalpana Bn, Shilpa Yd, Ravi B, Sulakod K S , Tumbadi K L , Study of awareness of diabetic retinopathy and its implications among diabetic patients visiting at a tertiary eye care center. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021;7(1):199-204
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