Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (IJCEO) is open access, a peer-reviewed medical journal, published quarterly, online, and in print, by the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF) since 2015. To fulfill our aim of rapid dissemination of knowledge, we publish articles ‘Ahead of Print’ on acceptance. In addition, the journal allows free more...
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Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021
Article Page : 181-189
In recent years, more attention has been paid towards the research in the field of gender specific medicine. The purpose of this review article is to find out the gender alteration in the incidence and prevalence of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy and role of sex steroid hormones in the etiopathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy. Several studies suggest that, type-I diabetes is more common in men than women after puberty. Sex hormone receptors have been identified in the eye, but how sex hormones are involved in the development of diabetic retinopathy, is still not known well. In this article, we want to enlighten the reader about the sex hormone receptors in various eye tissues, gender based differences in diabetic retinopathy and the role of gonadal hormones in the development of diabetic retinopathy.
Keywords: Gender, Sex hormones, Diabetic retinopathy.
How to cite : Maurya R P, Gupta A , Singh A , Singh V P , Bosak S , Singh V , Kushwaha B , Kumar A , Manisha, Patel E , Gender, sex hormones and diabetic retinopathy: A review. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021;7(1):181-189
Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)