Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (IJCEO) is open access, a peer-reviewed medical journal, published quarterly, online, and in print, by the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF) since 2015. To fulfill our aim of rapid dissemination of knowledge, we publish articles ‘Ahead of Print’ on acceptance. In addition, the journal allows free more...
Author Details :
Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021
Article Page : 164-167
Arteriovenous malformations are abnormal tangled blood vessels with multiple irregular connections between arteries and veins. These malformations can occur anywhere with a preponderance to the spinal cord and brain. AV-malformations are usually congenital and patients might also have an associated intracranial aneurysm. Ophthalmic manifestations of AVM depend upon the location, varying from being asymptomatic to visual phenomena, field defects, diplopia, nystagmus etc. AV malformations in the cortical or occipital lobe produce visual symptoms which are transient. They can be associated with scotomas and migraine type headache. Signs and symptoms of brainstem AVMs are nonspecific and may include diplopia, nystagmus, dizziness, ocular motor nerve palsy, gaze palsy, anisocoria, or pupillary light–near dissociation. Findings are usually unilateral. There can be transien monocular vision loss due to the “steal phenomenon” in rare cases. Diagnosis of an AVM are based on angiographic findings which demonstrate an engorged arterial system, rapid filling of the malformation and outflow of the venous system.
Keywords: Macular edema, Oct angiography.
How to cite : Varman A , Gnanadurai S C , Karunanidhi S V , Optic disc vascular malformation with venous stasis and macular edema. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021;7(1):164-167
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