Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Print ISSN: 2395-1443

Online ISSN: 2395-1451


Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (IJCEO) is open access, a peer-reviewed medical journal, published quarterly, online, and in print, by the  Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF) since 2015. To fulfill our aim of rapid dissemination of knowledge, we publish articles ‘Ahead of Print’ on acceptance. In addition, the journal allows free more...

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Saumik Das, Soumen Chakraborty*

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A comparative study of external and endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy in the management of chronic dacryocystitis

Original Article

Author Details : Saumik Das, Soumen Chakraborty*

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 118-123

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Background: Epiphora due to chronic dacryocystitis is extremely common in the ophthalmolmic practice across this country. The typical patient is often a female in her young or middle age, and the clinical pathology is usually obstruction of the naso lacrimal pathway located at the naso-lacrimal duct or beyond. Definitive treatment entails creation of an alternative pathway for fluid egress by a surgical procedure known as dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR).
Aims and Objectives: To compare two commonly performed techniques of DCR – namely external and endonasal – in terms of surgical time, complications and outcomes.
Materials and Methods: Seventy two patients were studied over a period of two years from April 2017 to May 2019 were divided in two equal groups. The first group (Group A, n=36) underwent external DCR which was done by an ophthalmic surgeon whereas the second group (Group B, n= 36) underwent endonasal DCR done by an ENT surgeon. All cases of both the groups were followed up for a period of six months. Both groups were compared in terms of surgical time, per and post operative complications and final surgical outcomes.
Results: The study had 64 females and 8 males in total aged between 19 and 63 years. Mean surgical time in group A (31 females, 5 males) was 48 minutes whereas in Group B (33 females, 3 males) it was 44 minutes. Intra operative haemorrhage was seen in 16% (n= 6) patients of Group A and 11% (n= 4) of Group B. Patency at the end of six months was sustained in 91% (n= 33) patients in Group A and 86% (n= 31) patients in Group B.
Conclusion: Both techniques offer viable surgical alternatives as far as correction of naso lacrimal obstruction is concerned.

Keywords: Dacryocystitis, External DCR, Endonasal DCR.

How to cite : Das S, Chakraborty S , A comparative study of external and endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy in the management of chronic dacryocystitis. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021;7(1):118-123

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