Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Print ISSN: 2395-1443

Online ISSN: 2395-1451

CODEN : IJCEKF

Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (IJCEO) is open access, a peer-reviewed medical journal, published quarterly, online, and in print, by the  Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF) since 2015. To fulfill our aim of rapid dissemination of knowledge, we publish articles ‘Ahead of Print’ on acceptance. In addition, the journal allows free more...


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Original Article


Article page

78-82


Authors Details

Mallick Bijan, V S Gurunadh, Ajay Banarji, Sandeep Shanker, K Srinivasa Rao, Karthikeye M*


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Twenty years with type 2 diabetes: ocular and associated complications


Original Article

Author Details : Mallick Bijan, V S Gurunadh, Ajay Banarji, Sandeep Shanker, K Srinivasa Rao, Karthikeye M*

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 78-82

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijceo.2021.016



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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the incidence of ocular and renal complications in known patients of diabetes mellitus (DM) with more than 20 years of disease duration.
Materials and Methods: A total of 50 patients diagnosed with Type 2 DM with disease duration of more than 20 years underwent ophthalmic evaluation and as well for renal status and biochemical analysis.
Results: With a disease duration between 20 to 31 years, 84% (42/50) patients had a disease duration from 20 years to 25 years. The distribution of various stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) showed that 1/5th of the study group had no DR. Only 10% had PDR. This data suggests that after 20 years of disease duration the number of subjects with no DR were double that of the severe stage of retinopathy which is PDR. In
this study there were only 8/50 patients with CKD (16%).
Conclusion: With increasing age there is surprisingly lesser incidence of complications of DM in this study group.

Keywords: Age, CKD, Duration of disease, HbA1C levels, Stages of diabetic retinopathy, Sex.


How to cite : Bijan M , Gurunadh V S , Banarji A , Shanker S , Rao K S, Karthikeye M, Twenty years with type 2 diabetes: ocular and associated complications. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021;7(1):78-82

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)