Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (IJCEO) is open access, a peer-reviewed medical journal, published quarterly, online, and in print, by the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF) since 2015. To fulfill our aim of rapid dissemination of knowledge, we publish articles ‘Ahead of Print’ on acceptance. In addition, the journal allows free more...
Author Details :
Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021
Article Page : 25-30
Background: Diabetes is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and various studies have shown that people with diabetes are more prone to suffer from dry eye disease than those without diabetes. This study was undertaken with the aim to find the prevalence of dry eye disease in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus and to find the correlation between glycemic control and prevalence of
Methods: This study was carried out over a period of one year and cases of type 2 diabetes were selected from patients attending the out patient department. Diagnosis of dry eye was made if OSDI Score was more than 12 with one of the positive specific tests for dry eye.
Results: A total of 180 eyes of 100 patients were included in the study. It was noted that with increasing age the chance of dry eye increase. Our study found that with increased duration of diabetes, the chance of developing dry eye increases, and poor glycemic control increases the severity of dry eye. The severity of diabetes has a positive correlation with goblet cell loss and morphological changes in conjunctival impression cytology.
Conclusion: It is established in our study that there is a positive correlation between prevalence of dry eye and poor glycemic control in a patient of diabetes. Since, the prevalence of dry eye in a hospital-based study with limited sample is significant hence the prevalence in the community must be higher and needs attention.
Keywords: Dry eye, Duration of diabetes, Glycemic control.
How to cite : Dutta S K , Paul G , Paul G , Correlation of dry eye and diabetes mellitus. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021;7(1):25-30
Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)